Public Servant Schools in Canada: A Concept for Reconciliation
Keywords:public servant schools, public servant learning, Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada, Canada School of Public Service
AbstractThe Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada has called on federal, provincial, territorial, and municipal governments of Canada to educate public servants about the history and legacy of Indian residential schools and related topics, such as the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. This article advances this call to action by conceptualizing “public servant schools” as government organizations that provide learning opportunities to public servants. The Canadian adult education literature, however, is largely silent on this topic, even though numerous examples can be found across branches and levels of governments within Canada. Drawing on material acquired through the Access to Information Act, this article breathes life into this topic by documenting the Canada School of Public Service and elements of its curriculum related to the recommendations of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission.
Anderson, F. J., Hardy, C. R., & Leeson, J. (2008). Leading a learning revolution: The Story Behind Defense Acquisition University's Reinvention of Training. San Francisco, CA: Pfeiffer.
BC Public Service Agency (2015). BC Public Service Agency Annual Report, 2014/2015. Victoria, BC: Queen’s Printer. Retrieved on Sept 24, 2015 from http://www2.gov.bc.ca/local/myhr/documents/corporate/bcpsa_annual_report_2014-15.pdf
Bindman, S. (1991, December 30). Anti-sexism courses proposed; plans aimed at judges. Edmonton Journal, p. A1.
Canada School of Public Service (2007). Catalogue 07-08. Ottawa, ON: CSPS.
Clarkson, A. (1999). Speech from the throne to open the second session of the thirty-sixth Parliament of Canada. Retrieved November 22, 2009, from http://www.pco-bcp.gc.ca/index.asp?lang=eng&page=information&sub=publications&doc=sft-ddt/1999_e.htm
Elfert, M. & Rubenson, K. (2013). Adult Education in Canada: Skills Without Humanity. In Nesbit, T., Brigham, S., Taber, N. & Gibb, T. (Eds). Building on Critical Traditions: Adult Education and Learning in Canada. (pp. 238-248). Toronto, ON: Thompson Educational Publishing.
Fenwick, T. (2013). Work and Learning: Perspectives from Canadian Adult Educators. In Nesbit, T., Brigham, S., Taber, N. & Gibb, T. (Eds). Building on Critical Traditions: Adult Education and Learning in Canada. (pp. 227-237). Toronto, ON: Thompson Educational Publishing.
Fuller, L. (1988). Fieldwork in forbidden terrain: The U.S. state and the case of Cuba. The American Sociologist, 19(2), 99-120.
Gauthier, J. (1977, May 6). “National Administration School” Canada. Parliament. House of Commons. Edited Hansard, 30th Parliament, 2nd session. Retrieved on October 2nd from http://parl.canadiana.ca/view/oop.debates_HOC3002_05/972
Geva-May, I., Nasi, G., Turrini, A., & Scott, C. (2008). MPP Programs Emerging around the World. Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 27(1). 187-204.
Groen, J., and Kawalilak, C. (2013). The Tapestry of Adult Education in Canada. In Nesbit, T., Brigham, S., Taber, N. & Gibb, T. (Eds). Building on Critical Traditions: Adult Education and Learning in Canada. (pp. 29-38). Toronto, ON: Thompson Educational Publishing.
Harris, B., Cheng, K. F., & Gorley, C. (2015). Benefits and barriers. Journal of Workplace Learning, 27(3), 193.
Hodgetts, J., Whitaker, R., Wilson, S., & McCloskey, W. (1972). The biography of an institution: The civil service commission of Canada, 1908-1967. Montreal, QC: McGill-Queen's University Press.
Hunter, J. (1994). The Canadian Centre for Management Development: The Early Years. Ottawa, ON: Ministry of Supply and Services Canada.
Jensen, V. (1955). A training center for federal employees. Adult Education,5(3), 175-178.
Judges Act. Retrieved on October 2, 2015 from http://laws-lois.justice.gc.ca/eng/acts/J-1/FullText.html
Lancaster, S., & Di Milia, L. (2015). Developing a supportive learning environment in a newly formed organisation. Journal of Workplace Learning, 27(6), 442-456.
Larsen, M. (2013). Access in the Academy: Bringing ATI and FOI to academic research. Vancouver, BC: British Columbia Freedom of Information and Privacy Association.
Manion, J. (1994). The pre-announcement period (1986-1988). In Hunter, J. (Ed). The Canadian Centre for Management Development: The Early Years. Ottawa, ON: Ministry of Supply and Services Canada, p.5—20.
Mau, T. (2007). Public Sector Leadership Development: The Canadian Model Considered. CSL Leadership Review. 1(4), p.267-294.
Nesbit, T., Brigham, S., Taber, N. & Gibb, T. (Eds.) (2013). Building on Critical Traditions: Adult Education and Learning in Canada. Toronto, ON: Thompson Educational Publishing.
Newell, T., Reeher, G., & Ronayne, P. (Eds.) (2011). The Trusted Leader: Building the Relationships that Make Government Work. Washington, DC: CQ Press.
Prescott, F. (2014). Research and curriculum development at National Schools of Government. Unpublished master's thesis, University of Victoria, Victoria, British Columbia. Retrieved on October 2, 2015 from http://dspace.library.uvic.ca/handle/1828/5220.
Public Service Commission of Canada. (1971). Calendar of courses 1971-1972: Bureau of staff development and training. Ottawa, ON: Government of Canada.
Savage, A., Hyde, R. (2014). Using freedom of information requests to facilitate research. International Journal of Social Research, 17(3), 303-317.
Savoie, D. (1999). Governing from the centre: The concentration of power in Canadian politics. Toronto, ON: University of Toronto Press.
Selman, G. (1995). Adult Education in Canada: Historical Essays. Toronto, ON: Thompson Educational Publishing, Inc.
Spencer, B. (2008). Re-Learning at Work: Understanding the HR Corporate Connection. The Canadian Journal for the Study of Adult Education, 21(1), 47-61.
Stephen, K. (2004). Introduction: Civil Service Training. International Journal of Public Administration, 27(3), p.147—149.
Service Canada College (2009). About Service Canada College. Retrieved October 7, 2015 from http://www.servicecanada.gc.ca/eng/about/college.shtml
Treasury Board of Canada Secretariat (n.d.a). Directive on the Administration of Required Training.
Retrieved October 3, 2015 from http://www.tbs-sct.gc.ca/pol/doc-eng.aspx?id=12407
Treasury Board of Canada Secretariat. (n.d.b). Policy on Learning, Training and Development, Retrieved October 3, 2015, from http://www.tbs-sct.gc.ca/chro-dprh/pol/pltd-pmap-eng.asp
Truth and Reconciliation Commission (2015a). Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada: Calls to Action. Winnipeg, MB: Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada.
Truth and Reconciliation Commission (2015b). Honouring the Truth, Reconciling for the future: Summary of the Final Report of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada. Winnipeg, MB: Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada.
Judges sounded out on gender training. (1991, December 30). The Vancouver Sun. p. A6.
Van Wart, M., Cayer, J., & Cook, S. (1993). Handbook of training and development for the public sector: A comprehensive resource. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass Publishers.
Watkins, K. E., & Marsick, V. J. (2014). Adult education & human resource development: Overlapping and disparate fields. New Horizons in Adult Education and Human Resource Development, 26(1), 42-54.
Wilson, V. Seymour, C. Lloyd Stanford, and O.P. Dwivedi. 2004. From witchcraft to proposed twenty-first century reforms: the ongoing saga of training and development in Canadian government. International Journal of Public Administration 27(3-4), 259-285.
Ye, L., Sun, J., & Wu, X. (2009). Toward successful overseas training for Chinese public officials. Journal of Public Affairs Education, 15(2), 203-218.
How to Cite
Authors of manuscripts accepted for publication will be required to assign copyright to the Canadian Journal for the Study of Adult Education/L’Association canadienne pour l’étude de l’éducation des adultes (CJSAE). CJSAE requests that, as the creator(s)/author(s) of the manuscript your are submitting assign certain rights to the manuscript to the CJSAE in exchange for undertaking to publish the article in print and electronic form and, in general, to pursue its dissemination throughout the world. The rights the CJSAE requests are:
- The right to publish the article in print and electronic form or in any other form it may choose that is in keeping with its role as a scholarly journal with the goal of disseminating the work as widely as possible;
- The right to be the sole publisher of the article for a period of 12 months;
- The right to make the article available to the public within a period of not more than 24 months, as determined by relevant journal staff of the CJSAE;
- The right to grant republication rights to itself or others in print, electronic, or any other form, with any revenues accrued to be shared equally between the author(s) and the journal;
- The right to administer permission to use portions of the article as requested by others, seeking recompense when the CJSAE sees it as warrented;
- The right to seek or take advantage of opportunities to have the article included in a database aimed at increasing awareness of it;
- As the author(s), the CJSAE wishes you to retain the right to republish the article, with acknowledgement of the CJSAE as the original publisher, in whole or in part, in any other pbulication of your own, including any anthology that you might edit with up to three others;
- As the author(s), the CJSAE withes you to retain the right to place the article on your personal Web page or that of your university or institution. The CJSAE askes that you include this notice: A fully edited, peer-reviewed version of this article was first published by the Canadian Journal for the Study of Adult Education, <Year>, <Volume>, <Issue>, <Page Numbers>.
BY AGREEING TO THE FOREGOING, YOU CONFIRM THAT THE MANUSCRIPT YOU ARE SUBMITTING HAS NOT BEEN PUBLISHED ELSEWHERE IN WHOLE OR IN PART, AND THAT NO AGREEMENT TO PUBLISH IS OUTSTANDING.
SHOULD THE ARTICLE CONTAIN MATERIAL WHICH REQUIRES WRITTEN PERMISSION FOR INCLUSION, YOU AGREE THAT IT IS YOUR OBLIGATION IN LAW TO IDENTIFY SUCH MATERIAL TO THE EDITOR OF THE CJSAE AND TO OBTAIN SUCH PERMISSION. THE CJSAE WILL NOT PAY ANY PERMISSION FEES. SHOULD THE CJSAE BE OF THE OPINION THAT SUCH PERMISSION IS NECESSARY, IT WILL REQUIRE YOU TO PURSUE SHUCH PERMISSSION PRIOR TO PUBLICATION.
AS AUTHOR(S), YOU WARRANT THAT THE ARTICLE BEING SUBMITTED IS ORIGINAL TO YOU.
Provided the foregoing terms are satisfactory, and that you are in agreement with them, please indicate your acceptance by checking the appropriate box and proceed with your submission.
This copyright agreement was extracted with permission from the "Best practices guide to scholarly journal publishing" (2007), produced by the Canadian Association of Learned Journals (CALJ).