James John Harpell: An Adult Education Pioneer
This article provides historical insight into an adult education pioneer, James John Harpell. His significant contribution to the Canadian adult education movement in the early part of the 20th century includes starting correspondence courses for industrial workers, study clubs for adults, and promoting self-study and lifelong learning; nevertheless, Harpell has received minimal recognition in adult education circles. Harpell was also an important figure in the co-operative movement, taking a leading role in starting two credit unions, an arts and crafts cooperative, a building co-operative, and two worker co-operatives. The worker co-operatives were started in 1945 when he retired from his firm and converted it to that arrangement—one in Toronto and the other in St. Anne-de-Bellevue. Harpell Press Co-operative was, until recently when financial difficulties forced its sale, one of the leading worker cooperatives in Canada and a leader in that movement. Harpell is part of a small tradition of business owners, starting with Robert Owen of New Lanark, Scotland, who have utilized their firm as a laboratory to promote social and educational innovations. Although he was successful in business, his prolific writings indicate that his primary interests were as a social critic, social innovator, and adult educator, for which he has received some recognition; but he remains largely unknown as an adult educator. This article discusses his contribution to adult education and speculates that his location outside of the university probably reduced the influence of his ideas and the impact of his writings.Résumé
Cet article donne un aperçu historique de l'œuvre d'un pionnier de l'andragogie, James John Harpell, dont la contribution au mouvement d'éducation des adultes au début du siècle est importante. Parmi cellesci, notons la mise sur pied de cours par correspondance destinés aux travailleurs industriels, l'introduction de cercles d'étude pour adultes et la promotion de l'apprentissage autonome et de l'éducation permanente. Malgré cela, Harpell demeure pen connu du milieu de l'andragogie. Harpell joua aussi un rôle de premier plan dans le mouvement coopératif, inaugurant deux caisses de crédit, une coopérative d'artisanat, une coopérative d'habitation et deux coopératives de travail. Les coopératives de travail furent fondées en 1945 lorsque Harpell à la retraite transforma son entreprise en coopératives—l'une à Toronto et l'autre à Ste Anne de Bellevue. Jusqu'à sa dissolution récente pour cause de difficultés financières, Harpell Press fut l'une des plus importantes coopératives de travail au Canada et l'une des plus en vue dans le mouvement coopératif. Harpell s'inscrit dans une modeste tradition d'entrepreneurs tels que Robert Owen, de New Lanark (Écosse), ayant transformé leur entreprise en laboratoire de changement social et d'innovation en éducation. Bien qu'ayant connu le succès dans les affaires, les écrits prolifiques de Harper montrent que son identité première fut celle d'un critique de la société, innovateur social et andragogue. Cette dernière vocation cependant lui a valu peu d'honneurs. Le présent article décrit la contribution de Harper à l'éducation des adultes et soutient que son influence et ses idées eurent un impact réduit du fait d'avoir été confinés hors du milieu universitaire.
How to Cite
Authors of manuscripts accepted for publication will be required to assign copyright to the Canadian Journal for the Study of Adult Education/L’Association canadienne pour l’étude de l’éducation des adultes (CJSAE). CJSAE requests that, as the creator(s)/author(s) of the manuscript your are submitting assign certain rights to the manuscript to the CJSAE in exchange for undertaking to publish the article in print and electronic form and, in general, to pursue its dissemination throughout the world. The rights the CJSAE requests are:
- The right to publish the article in print and electronic form or in any other form it may choose that is in keeping with its role as a scholarly journal with the goal of disseminating the work as widely as possible;
- The right to be the sole publisher of the article for a period of 12 months;
- The right to make the article available to the public within a period of not more than 24 months, as determined by relevant journal staff of the CJSAE;
- The right to grant republication rights to itself or others in print, electronic, or any other form, with any revenues accrued to be shared equally between the author(s) and the journal;
- The right to administer permission to use portions of the article as requested by others, seeking recompense when the CJSAE sees it as warrented;
- The right to seek or take advantage of opportunities to have the article included in a database aimed at increasing awareness of it;
- As the author(s), the CJSAE wishes you to retain the right to republish the article, with acknowledgement of the CJSAE as the original publisher, in whole or in part, in any other pbulication of your own, including any anthology that you might edit with up to three others;
- As the author(s), the CJSAE withes you to retain the right to place the article on your personal Web page or that of your university or institution. The CJSAE askes that you include this notice: A fully edited, peer-reviewed version of this article was first published by the Canadian Journal for the Study of Adult Education, <Year>, <Volume>, <Issue>, <Page Numbers>.
BY AGREEING TO THE FOREGOING, YOU CONFIRM THAT THE MANUSCRIPT YOU ARE SUBMITTING HAS NOT BEEN PUBLISHED ELSEWHERE IN WHOLE OR IN PART, AND THAT NO AGREEMENT TO PUBLISH IS OUTSTANDING.
SHOULD THE ARTICLE CONTAIN MATERIAL WHICH REQUIRES WRITTEN PERMISSION FOR INCLUSION, YOU AGREE THAT IT IS YOUR OBLIGATION IN LAW TO IDENTIFY SUCH MATERIAL TO THE EDITOR OF THE CJSAE AND TO OBTAIN SUCH PERMISSION. THE CJSAE WILL NOT PAY ANY PERMISSION FEES. SHOULD THE CJSAE BE OF THE OPINION THAT SUCH PERMISSION IS NECESSARY, IT WILL REQUIRE YOU TO PURSUE SHUCH PERMISSSION PRIOR TO PUBLICATION.
AS AUTHOR(S), YOU WARRANT THAT THE ARTICLE BEING SUBMITTED IS ORIGINAL TO YOU.
Provided the foregoing terms are satisfactory, and that you are in agreement with them, please indicate your acceptance by checking the appropriate box and proceed with your submission.
This copyright agreement was extracted with permission from the "Best practices guide to scholarly journal publishing" (2007), produced by the Canadian Association of Learned Journals (CALJ).