Theoretical Perspectives on Learning for Prevention of Fishing Vessel Accidents
Fishing vessels come to grief partly because theory pertaining to accidents and their prevention is unduly Functionalist and obsessed with technical matters (involving equipment). The author applies to fishing accidents a social cartography that emphasizes the importance of power relations and ontology. Four paradigms—functionalism, humanism, radical humanism and radical functionalism—are used to raise issues pertaining to accidents and their prevention. The utility of the cartography is demonstrated by revisiting accident reports concerning Scotia Cape, a large Canadian vessel that disappeared with the loss of seven lives. At the centre of this analysis is the need to broaden prevention programs so as to have adequate regard to human factors and the political economy of the fishing industry.Résumé
L'auteur soutient que les bateaux de pêche sont impliqués dans des accidents, partiellement parce que la théorie au sujet des accidents et de leur prévention est excessivement fonctionnaliste et met l'accent sur les aspects techniques, comme l'équipement. Il applique aux accidents de pêche une «cartographie sociale» qui insiste sur l'importance des relations de pouvoir et de l'ontologie. Quatre paradigmes; le fonctionnalisme, l'humanise, l'humanisme radical et le fonctionnalisme radical sont utilisés afin d'analyser le problème des accidents de bateaux et leur prevention. L'utilité de la cartographic proposée est démontrée en réexaminant les rapports d'accidents de Scotia Cape, un grand navire canadien qui a disparu avec sept personnes à bord. L'élément central de la présente analyse réside dans le besoin d'élargir les programmes de prévention afin de mieux tenir compte du facteur humain et de l'économie politique de l'industrie des pêches.
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